Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Causes and Symptoms

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is commonly known as PCOS. It is a prevalent hormonal disorder that affects individuals with ovaries. It can have significant implications for reproductive health and overall well-being. Further in this article, we will learn more about the causes and symptoms of PCOS. Moreover, this description will shed light on this often misunderstood condition.

Understanding PCOS

PCOS is a complex condition characterized by hormonal imbalances, irregular periods, and the development of small fluid-filled sacs (cysts) on the ovaries. While the exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood, several factors contribute to its development.

What are the causes of PCOS?

  • Hormonal Imbalances

PCOS is primarily driven by hormonal irregularities, including elevated levels of androgens (male hormones like testosterone) and insulin resistance. As a result, these imbalances disrupt the normal ovulation process.

  • Genetic Factors

There is a genetic component to PCOS. If your mother or sister has PCOS, you may be at a higher risk of developing it.

  • Insulin Resistance

Many individuals with PCOS have insulin resistance, which leads to higher levels of insulin in the bloodstream. This can contribute to weight gain and metabolic issues.

What are the common symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS presents with a wide range of symptoms that can vary in severity from person to person. So, recognizing the symptoms is crucial knowledge. Hence, let’s learn about these common symptoms:

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles

One of the key signs of PCOS is irregular or absent periods. This occurs due to disrupted ovulation.

  • Ovulatory Dysfunction

PCOS can lead to infrequent or anovulatory (lack of ovulation) menstrual cycles, which can make it challenging to conceive.

  • Hirsutism

Excessive hair growth in areas where males typically grow hair, such as the face, chest, and back, is common in PCOS.

  • Acne and Oily Skin

Hormonal fluctuations contribute to skin issues like acne and excessive oiliness. So, if you experience such issues, you know whom to contact.

  • Hair Loss

Some individuals with PCOS experience male-pattern hair loss or thinning hair. Moreover, this can develop an emotion of low self-confidence in several women. Consulting a doctor for these symptoms is necessary.

  • Weight Gain

Weight gain, especially around the abdominal area, is common in PCOS due to insulin resistance.

  • Skin Discoloration

Darkening of the skin, called acanthosis nigricans. It can occur in skin folds. Thus, keeping a keen attention to such changes is important.

  • Mood Changes

PCOS can be associated with mood swings. To illustrate it includes anxiety, and depression.

  • Pelvic Pain

In some cases, there may be pelvic pain due to the presence of ovarian cysts.

How is Flomate helpful?

Flomate is a menstrual and ovulation tracking app. It is an invaluable asset for individuals with PCOS. It helps track irregular periods, and ovulation. In addition to this, it also has a separate section that solely focuses on your medication. You can customize your prescription or add a doctor’s prescription in this section.

This heavenly section provides you accurate reminders to take your medications on time. With Flomate women can take care of their overall health and focus on their everyday chores as well. So, what is stopping you from creating this new companionship? Add Flomate to your life and let this app take care of your hormonal health.


All in all, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex hormonal condition with a range of causes and symptoms. While it can present challenges, early diagnosis and management can significantly improve quality of life and fertility outcomes.

Hence, if you suspect you have PCOS or have already been diagnosed, working closely with a healthcare provider can help you. Additionally, utilizing tools like Flomate can help you navigate this condition and make informed decisions about your health. Remember, with the right support, many individuals with PCOS lead healthy and fulfilling lives.